Princely Viticulture


Liechtenstein sources reveal that viticulture had already existed at the end of the 14th century in the area of today’s Wilfersdorf Estate. In addition to earning revenues from the "vineyard law" and collecting contributions as tithe from their subjects, there is also evidence that the Princes cultivated their own vineyards, primarily in the region around Mistelbach.

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Document on the Acquisition of the Wilfersdorf Estate, 1436

Otto IV of Maissau bequeaths the Castle and Estates of Wilfersdorf to Christoph II of Liechtenstein on January 29th, 1436, with the consent of Duke Albrecht V of Austria. Among others, the testament mentions viticultural areas as “accessory” property.
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Administrative Instruction Form, 1603


This text from 1603 contains precise working instructions for the Wilfersdorf cellarer (administrator of the princely wine cellar). Prince Gundakar von Liechtenstein (1580 - 1658), who resided at Schloss Wilfersdorf at that time, personally supplemented and amended some passages of the concept: He added to the stipulation that the cellarer shall not cater for strangers in the cellar and shall not "bouse" with them (apparently a frequently done practice) the following provision: In case of contravention, he shall be "seriously punished" by the trustee (the princely chief officer).
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Acquisition of the County of Vaduz by Prince Hans Adam von Liechtenstein, 1699

Prince Hans Adam von Liechtenstein acquired the Fiefdom of Schellenberg in 1699 and the County of Vaduz in 1712. On January 23rd, 1719, Emperor Charles VI unified the County of Vaduz with the Fiefdom of Schellenberg by a certificate and elevated them to an imperial principality named Liechtenstein.
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Ratification of the Contract of Purchase of the Country of Vaduz by Emperor Charles VI, 1712

The purchase of the Fiefdom of Schellenberg and the County of Vaduz was ratified by Emperor Charles VI on March 7th, 1712. With the acquisition of the County of Vaduz, also Herawingert passed into the possession of the Princely House. Herawingert is doubtless the most traditional and most famous vineyard in the Principality of Liechtenstein, ranking among the best single-vineyard sites of the Rhine Valley.
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"Ideal Map" of the Estates in Wilfersdorf, 1799


The map of the Estates in Wilfersdorf also shows the locations of the vineyards. Until the 18th century, information on the Estates’ own businesses is rather vague and accidental. The revenues of the dominions were first precisely surveyed in 1751. At that time, the Estates of Wilfersdorf owned 61.5 yokes (35.4 ha) of vineyards.
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Restructuring Processes under Prince Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein

The "agrarian reform" of 1848 led to the omission of the so-called "Rustical" and hence to the liquidation of the domains. The property of the Princes of Liechtenstein, which was reduced to the former "Dominical", was combined into estates and reorganized. Consequently, the Wilfersdorf vineyards were recultivated in the 1860s. Until 1880, the autonomously managed areas under vine comprised about 11 yokes (6.3 ha) at the Wilfersdorf and Eibesthal Estates. By the direct takeover of property so far leased out, the portion of vineyards rose to 13 yokes (about 7.5 ha) by 1886. At that time, some 21 yokes (12 ha) of vineyards were autonomously managed by the Feldsberg and Herrnbaumgarten Estates.
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The Hofkellerei in the 20th and 21st Centuries

Until 1945, winegrowing by the Princes of Liechtenstein primarily was centered around the area of Feldsberg (Valtice) in the Czech Republic. After 1945, the vineyards in Herrnbaumgarten and Hausbrunn in the Weinviertel formed the basis for the reconstruction of the princely wine estate. The domain administration in Vaduz started to import and to distribute wines from Hofkellerei Wilfersdorf as early as 1956.

Following a generous conversion in 2011, the Domäne Wilfersdorf has united modernity and openness with centuries-old tradition in perfect harmony.
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Contact
Stiftung Fürst Liechtenstein
Hofkellerei

Brünnerstraße 8
A-2193 Wilfersdorf
Tel. +43 2573 2219 27
E-Mail: office@hofkellerei.at
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Fürstliche Domäne

Feldstrasse 4
FL-9490 Vaduz
Tel. +423 232 10 18
E-Mail: office@hofkellerei.li
Instagram
opening hours Wilfersdorf/Austria
Mo-Fr 7.30 – 12.00 a.m. / 1.30 – 4.30 p.m.
opening hours Vaduz/Liechtenstein
Mo-Fr 8.00 – 12.00 a.m. / 1.30 – 6.00 p.m. , Sa 9.00 a.m. – 1 p.m.